DERMATOPATHOLOGY CASES: Self-Assessment Cases: Editor - Dr Sampurna Roy MD

Digital Images of interesting cases that will include the full spectrum of Dermatopathology, presented in the form of quiz.

The answer of the cases include related links and recent abstracts of articles.








Saturday, February 12, 2011

Answer of Dermatopathology Case 95


Papillary Eccrine Adenoma

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Abstract:

Papillary eccrine adenoma in association with cutaneous horn. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2007;8(3):179-82.
Papillary eccrine adenoma (PEA) is an uncommon sweat gland neoplasm that occurs more frequently on the distal extremities of Black women. Clinically, it appears as a small, isolated, firm, dome-shaped cutaneous nodule. We report two unusual cases of PEA that presented clinically as cutaneous horn. Histologically, both cases showed the typical dermal morphology of PEA with overlying epidermal changes suggestive of human papillomavirus (HPV). However, HPV immunoperoxidase staining and polymerase chain reaction for HPV were negative in both cases. Concurrent occurrence of PEA and HPV-like epidermal changes may be coincidental; however, their co-occurrence may also be related to the environment induced by this adnexal tumor. Whether PEA with verrucous epidermal changes has a different clinical behavior or increased risk for a malignant transformation is unknown, as both patients were lost to follow-up.

Mohs micrographic surgery of a papillary eccrine adenoma.Dermatol Surg. 2002 Dec;28(12):1168-72.
BACKGROUND: Papillary eccrine adenoma (PEA) is a rare benign sweat gland neoplasm first described by Rulon and Helwig in 1977. Although these lesions typically behave in a benign fashion, PEA's on the volar surfaces may demonstrate more aggressive biologic behavior. Additionally, aggressive digital papillary adenomas (ADPA) may histologically simulate PEAs and behave in a more malignant fashion.
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of a patient with an incompletely excised PEA that was successfully extirpated using Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS).
METHODS: A 51-year-old black woman was evaluated for the treatment of an incompletely excised PEA located on the dorsum of her left hand at the base of the thumb. Mohs micrographic surgery was felt to be the ideal treatment choice because of incomplete prior resections, ill-defined clinical borders, the need for conservative surgical excision to preserve sensory and motor function of the left hand, and the previously reported more aggressive nature of this tumor when located on volar surfaces. The patient underwent a two-stage, six section micrographically controlled excision using the fresh tissue technique.
RESULTS: Complete resection of the PEA without significant damage to neurovascular structures.
CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates the increasingly important role MMS is playing in the surgical management of a wide variety of cutaneous tumors. To our knowledge, this is the first time MMS has been used in the resection of a PEA.