DERMATOPATHOLOGY CASES: Self-Assessment Cases: Editor - Dr Sampurna Roy MD

Digital Images of interesting cases that will include the full spectrum of Dermatopathology, presented in the form of quiz.

The answer of the cases include related links and recent abstracts of articles.

Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Answer of Dermatopathology Case 86

Pilar Sheath Acanthoma

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Pilar sheath acanthoma--report of a case with review of the literature.Yonsei Med J.1989 Dec;30(4):392-5.
A 52-year-old male presented with a solitary asymptomatic, skin-colored nodule with a central pore on the skin of the left cheek of one year duration. An excisional biopsy was performed. The skin biopsy finding showed the typical histological picture of pilar sheath acanthoma. A description of the lesion and a review of the literature are given.

Pilar sheath acanthoma - a benign follicular hamartoma.Dermatologica. 1983;167(6):335-8.
A new case of pilar sheath acanthoma is reported. This tumor has been identified in 1978 and shows characteristic histological features: a central sinus with keratinous material, a pore-like opening to the surface, keratinization of the epidermoid type and projecting epithelial tumor lobes containing small keratin cysts resembling incomplete pilar differentiation.

Pilar sheath acanthoma. Arch Dermatol. 1978 Oct;114(10):1495-7.
A newly recognized, benign follicular tumor occurred in nine patients who ranged in age from 46 to 75 (median, 55) years. The neoplasms were solitary, asymptomatic, skin-colored nodules with a central pore-like opening plugged with keratin. All lesions had been present for years. Eight were on the skin of the upper lip and one was on the forehead. Histologically, a central cystic cavity showing epidermoid keratinization extended from the surface into the deep cutis. Multiple tumor lobules that were composed of hair sheath epithelium extended from the cyst wall into the surrounding corium. This neoplasm, which we have named "pilar sheath acanthoma," must be differentiated from trichofolliculoma and dilated pore.