DERMATOPATHOLOGY CASES: Self-Assessment Cases: Editor - Dr Sampurna Roy MD

Digital Images of interesting cases that will include the full spectrum of Dermatopathology, presented in the form of quiz.

The answer of the cases include related links and recent abstracts of articles.








Saturday, December 17, 2011

Answer of Dermatopathology Case 110

Dermatofibroma with Monster Cells

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Abstracts:

Giant dermatofibroma with monster cells.Am J Dermatopathol. 2002 Feb;24(1):36-8.
We report a case of a 64-year-old woman with a giant dermatofibroma on her back with the unusual histologic feature of monster cells. The firm, exophytic, 3-cm nodule had purple and yellow components with surface telangiectasia. Histologic examination demonstrated characteristic findings of a dermatofibroma, including rete ridge flattening and bridging; a stroma containing scattered, large, round, eosinophilic collagen bundles; and a polymorphous dermal infiltrate of spindle and xanthomatous cells with scattered siderophages. Some xanthomatous cells demonstrated features consistent with monster cells, including huge bizarre nuclei and one or more nucleoli. Immunohistochemical staining for factor XIIIa was positive. A diagnosis of giant dermatofibroma with monster cells (DFMC) was made. Giant dermatofibromas are rare, with monster cells being an uncommon finding in dermatofibroma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of DFMC.

Case of dermatofibroma with monster cells: a review and an immunohistochemical study.Am J Dermatopathol. 1997 Jun;19(3):312-5.
We report a dermatofibroma with monster cells. The patient was a 79-year-old woman who had a dark-brown nodule of her left leg for approximately 3 years. The lesion was composed of spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells, histiocytic cells, and multinucleated giant cells. Most of the histiocytic cells had foamy cytoplasm with numerous hemosiderin deposits. In addition to these cells, bizarre multinucleated cells with markedly hyperchromatic nuclei and xanthomatous cells with very large nuclei (monster cells) were also noted. No mitotic figures of the cellular components were present. This lesion has been shown to be completely benign despite the presence of pleomorphic or bizarre cells. From a clinical standpoint, recognition of a benign lesion of this type is very important since an incorrect histologic interpretation could result in inappropriate treatment.

Dermatofibroma with monster cells.Am J Dermatopathol. 1987 Oct;9(5):380-7.
Nineteen cases of dermatofibroma associated with monster cells are reported. The term "monster" (an animal with a strange or terrifying shape, one unusually large for its kind) implies a strikingly atypical cell with an extremely large nucleus. Except for monster cells, these 19 lesions had all of the typical histopathological findings of dermatofibroma. The clinical diagnosis for 16 of these lesions was dermatofibroma (or histiocytoma). Three lesions were submitted without any clinical diagnosis. Eighteen of 19 lesions occurred on the extremities. One was on the back. Monster cells are seen in the early, histiocytic stage of dermatofibroma when lipophages and/or siderophages are usually present in large numbers. Only rarely were mitotic figures seen in dermatofibromas with monster cells, and they were neither numerous nor atypical. It is important for histopathologists to distinguish dermatofibroma with monster cells from cutaneous malignant fibrous histiocytoma and radiation sarcoma. The criteria for differentiation concern primarily the architectural pattern of the lesion rather than its cytological features.